Scientific article
Open access

Reasons for voriconazole prophylaxis discontinuation in allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant recipients: A real-life paradigm

Published inMedical Mycology, vol. 58, no. 8, p. 1029-1036
Publication date2020

We sought to describe the clinical experience of voriconazole as primary antifungal prophylaxis (AFP) in allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant recipients (allo-HCTr). This was a single-center retrospective study of adult allo-HCTr (1 January 2014 to 31 December 2016) who received ≥two doses of voriconazole-AFP. Voriconazole-AFP was started on day +7 post-HCT and continued at least through day +60 post-HCT, or longer as clinically indicated. We reviewed the rate, reasons, and risk factors of voriconazole-AFP discontinuation until day-100 post-HCT. A total of 327 patients were included. Voriconazole-AFP was continued for a median of 69 days (mean: 57.9; range 1, 100): for a median of 90 days (mean :84; range 2, 100) in 180/327 (55%) in the standard-of-care (SOC) group and 20 days (mean :25.6 ; range 1, 89; P-value < .001) in 147/327 (45%) patients in the early-discontinuation-group. Early-voriconazole-AFP discontinuation was due to adverse events, drug interactions, insurance coverage, and other reasons in 101/147 (68.7%), 27 (18.4%), 13 (8.8%), and 6 (4.1%) patients, respectively. Early-voriconazole-AFP discontinuation occurred in 73/327 (22.3%) patients due to hepatotoxicity. Important predictors for early-voriconazole-AFP discontinuation included: graft-versus-host disease grade ≥2 (odds ratio [OR]: 1.9, P-value: .02), alanine-aminotransferase ≥75 IU/ml on voriconazole-administration day-14 (OR: 5.6, P-value: .02) and total bilirubin ≥1.3 mg/dl on voriconazole-administration day-7 (OR: 3.0, P-value: .03). There were 13 proven/probable invasive fungal infections by day-180 post-HCT (8/147, 5.4%, and 5/180, 2.8% in the early-discontinuation and SOC-groups, respectively; log-rank:0.13). By day-180 post HCT, 23/147 (15.6%) and 14/180 (7.8%) patients in the early-discontinuation and SOC-groups had died, respectively (log-rank:0.03). Voriconazole-AFP was discontinued in up to 45% of allo-HCTr. Hepatotoxicity during the first 2 weeks post-HCT is a significant predictor of early-voriconazole-AFP discontinuation.

  • Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant
  • Invasive fungal infections
  • Voriconazole
Citation (ISO format)
CHAN, Shuk Ying et al. Reasons for voriconazole prophylaxis discontinuation in allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant recipients: A real-life paradigm. In: Medical Mycology, 2020, vol. 58, n° 8, p. 1029–1036. doi: 10.1093/mmy/myaa008
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Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal1369-3786

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