Scientific article
Open access

Shoulder biomechanics in normal and selected pathological conditions

Published inEFORT Open Reviews, vol. 5, no. 8, p. 508-518
Publication date2020

The stability of the glenohumeral joint depends on soft tissue stabilizers, bone morphology and dynamic stabilizers such as the rotator cuff and long head of the biceps tendon. Shoulder stabilization techniques include anatomic procedures such as repair of the labrum or restoration of bone loss, but also non-anatomic options such as remplissage or tendon transfers.Rotator cuff repair should restore the cuff anatomy, reattach the rotator cable and respect the coracoacromial arch whenever possible. Tendon transfer, superior capsular reconstruction or balloon implantation have been proposed for irreparable lesions.Shoulder rehabilitation should focus on restoring balanced glenohumeral and scapular force couples in order to avoid an upward migration of the humeral head and secondary cuff impingement. The primary goal of cuff repair is to be as anatomic as possible and to create a biomechanically favourable environment for tendon healing.

  • Anatomy
  • Glenohumeral instability
  • Humerus
  • Ligaments
  • Rehabilitation
  • Rotator cuff
  • Scapula
  • Therapeutic implications
Citation (ISO format)
GOETTI, Patrick et al. Shoulder biomechanics in normal and selected pathological conditions. In: EFORT Open Reviews, 2020, vol. 5, n° 8, p. 508–518. doi: 10.1302/2058-5241.5.200006
Main files (1)
Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal2058-5241

Technical informations

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