Scientific article

Challenging predictions between affective temperaments, depression and anxiety in a Kosovo student community sample

Publication date2018

Objective: The relationship between temperament and mental health problems is seen very important as we hope to explain the trajectory of this interaction. The aim of this study was to test the validity of affective temperaments for predicting psychiatric morbidity, by explaining the relationships between temperament, anxiety and depression in a community sample. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. The present sample consisted of 960 participants (347 male, 622 female) with a mean age of M = 28.4 (SD = 10) randomly recruited. Affective temperaments were measured by the brief version of TEMPS-A, depression and anxiety measured with Beck Depression Inventory and Beck Anxiety Inventory. Results: The Cronbach alpha reliability coefficients for affective temperaments were between .72 and .81, for BDI and BAI, were .88 and .90. The study found significant gender differences on depressive [t(959) = –4.2, p<.001], cyclothymic [t(957) = –4.6, p < .001] and anxious temperament [t(957) = –8.2, p < .001], females having higher scores than males, and reverse results on hyperthermic temperament [t(958) = 2.1, p < .045], males having higher scores than females. No gender difference is found in irritable temperament [t(955) = –.581, p < .561]. Affective temperaments were found significant predictors for depression and anxiety. The combination of the depressive temperament and cyclothymic temperament explained the 32% variance of depression and the 25% variance of anxiety. Conclusions: Study findings are consistent with some other studies and stress the importance of screening for effective temperament in order to early identify depression and anxiety. Further investigation is needed to understand what are other factors that influence the relationship between affective temperaments with depression and anxiety.

  • Affective temperament
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Prediction
Citation (ISO format)
SHAHINI, Mimoza et al. Challenging predictions between affective temperaments, depression and anxiety in a Kosovo student community sample. In: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice, 2018. doi: 10.1080/13651501.2018.1426771
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Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal1365-1501

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