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Title

Train the brain with music (TBM): brain plasticity and cognitive benefits induced by musical training in elderly people in Germany and Switzerland, a study protocol for an RCT comparing musical instrumental practice to sensitization to music

Authors
Altenmüller, Eckart
Krüger, Tillmann H.C.
Worschech, Florian
Scholz, Daniel S.
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Published in BMC Geriatrics. 2020, vol. 20, no. 418, p. 1-19
Abstract Recent data suggest that musical practice prevents age-related cognitive decline. But experimental evidence remains sparse and no concise information on the neurophysiological bases exists, although cognitive decline represents a major impediment to healthy aging. A challenge in the field of aging is developing training regimens that stimulate neuroplasticity and delay or reverse symptoms of cognitive and cerebral decline. To be successful, these regimens should be easily integrated in daily life and intrinsically motivating. This study combines for the first-time protocolled music practice in elderly with cutting-edge neuroimaging and behavioral approaches, comparing two types of musical education. We conduct a two-site Hannover-Geneva randomized intervention study in altogether 155 retired healthy elderly (64-78) years), offering either piano instruction (experimental group) or musical listening awareness (control group). Over 12 months participants receive weekly 1h training and exercise at home for ~30 min. daily. Both groups study different music styles. Subjects are tested at 4 time points (0, 6, and 12 months & post-training (18 months)) on cognitive and perceptual-motor aptitudes and wide-ranging functional and structural neuroimaging and blood sampling. We aim to demonstrate positive transfer effects for faculties traditionally described to decline with age, particularly in the piano group: executive functions, working memory, processing speed, abstract thinking and fine motor skills. Benefits in both groups may show for verbal memory, hearing in noise and subjective well-being. In association with these behavioral benefits we anticipate functional and structural brain plasticity in temporal (medial and lateral), prefrontal and parietal areas, and in the basal ganglia.
Keywords Music induced brain and behavioral plasticityAge-related cognitive declineOne-year music practiceRandomized controlled trialWorking memoryExecutive functionsMagnetic resonance imaging (MRI)Voxel basedMorphometry (VBM)Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI)Multivariate data-driven analyses
Identifiers
PMID: 33087078
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Structures
Research groups Geneva Musical Minds Lab, Geneva School of Health Sciences HES-SO
Laboratoire du vieillissement cognitif
Affective sciences
Neuroscience de l'émotion et dynamiques affectives (NEAD)
Projects FNS: 100019E-170410
German Research Foundation / Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG no. 323965454)
Citation
(ISO format)
JAMES, Clara et al. Train the brain with music (TBM): brain plasticity and cognitive benefits induced by musical training in elderly people in Germany and Switzerland, a study protocol for an RCT comparing musical instrumental practice to sensitization to music. In: BMC Geriatrics, 2020, vol. 20, n° 418, p. 1-19. doi: 10.1186/s12877-020-01761-y https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:148121

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Deposited on : 2021-01-26

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