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Absolute Configuration Modulation Attenuated Total Reflection IR Spectroscopy: An in Situ Method for Probing Chiral Recognition in Liquid Chromatography

Wirz, Ronny
Lindner, Wolfgang
Baiker, Alfons
Published in Analytical Chemistry. 2004, vol. 76, no. 18, p. 5319-5330
Abstract A method to selectively probe the different adsorption of enantiomers at chiral solid−liquid interfaces is applied, which combines attenuated total reflection infrared spectroscopy and modulation spectroscopy. The spectral changes on the surface are followed while the absolute configuration of the adsorbate is changed periodically. Demodulated spectra are calculated by performing a subsequent digital phase-sensitive data analysis. The method is sensitive solely to the difference of the interaction of the two enantiomers with the chiral surface, and the small spectral changes are amplified by the phase-sensitive data analysis. Its potential is demonstrated by investigating an already well-studied system in liquid chromatography, namely, the enantiomer separation of N-3,5-dinitrobenzoyl-(R,S)-leucine (DNB-(R,S)-Leu) using tert-butylcarbamoyl quinine (tBuCQN) as the chiral selector immobilized on the surface of porous silica particles. The performed experiments and density functional theory calculations confirm an interaction model that was proposed earlier based on solution NMR and XRD in the solid state. It emerges that the ionic interaction is the strongest one, but the main reason for the potential for enantioseparation of the chiral stationary phase (CSP) is the distinct formation of a hydrogen bond of the (S)-enantiomer with the chiral selector. This H-bond is established between the amide N−H of DNB-(S)-Leu with the carbamate C=O of the CSP. The (R)-enantiomer instead shows no specific hydrogen bonds. Only the unspecific ionic bonding between the protonated quinine part of the tBuCQN and the carboxylate of the DNB-(R)-Leu (holds also for DNB-(S)-Leu) is observed.
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Other version: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdf/10.1021/ac049428x

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Deposited on : 2011-03-18

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