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Competition at Chiral Metal Surfaces: Fundamental Aspects of the Inversion of Enantioselectivity in Hydrogenations on Platinum

Bonalumi, Norberto
Vargas, Angelo
Ferri, Davide
Mallat, Tamas
Baiker, Alfons
Published in Journal of the American Chemical Society. 2005, vol. 127, no. 23, p. 8467-8477
Abstract O-Phenylcinchonidine (PhOCD) is known to efficiently induce inversion of enantioselectivity with respect to cinchonidine (CD) in the enantioselective hydrogenation of various activated ketones on Pt/Al2O3. To understand the origin of the switch of enantioselective properties of the catalyst, the adsorption of PhOCD has been studied by in situ ATR-IR spectroscopy, in the presence of organic solvent and dissolved hydrogen, i.e., under conditions used for catalytic hydrogenation. The adsorption structures and energies of the anchoring group of CD and PhOCD were calculated on a Pt 38 cluster, using relativistically corrected density functional theory (DFT). Both approaches indicate that both modifiers are adsorbed via the quinoline ring and that the spatial arrangement of the quinuclidine skeleton is critical for the chiral recognition. New molecular level information on the conformation of CD relative to PhOCD adsorbed on a surface is extracted from the ATR spectra and supported by DFT calculations. The result is a clearer picture of the role played by the phenyl group in defining the chiral space created by the modifiers on Pt. Moreover, when CD was added to a pre-equilibrated adsorbed layer of PhOCD, a chiral adsorbed layer was formed with CD as the dominant modifier, indicating that CD adsorbs more strongly than PhOCD. Conversely, when PhOCD was added to preadsorbed CD, no significant substitution occurred. The process leading to nonlinear effects in heterogeneous asymmetric catalysis has been characterized by in situ spectroscopy, and new insight into a heterogeneous catalytic R−S switch system is provided.
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Other version: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdf/10.1021/ja050424z
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BONALUMI, Norberto et al. Competition at Chiral Metal Surfaces: Fundamental Aspects of the Inversion of Enantioselectivity in Hydrogenations on Platinum. In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2005, vol. 127, n° 23, p. 8467-8477. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:14765

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Deposited on : 2011-03-18

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