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Lattice modulation spectroscopy of one-dimensional quantum gases: Universal scaling of the absorbed energy

Published inPhysical Review Research, vol. 2, no. 033187
Publication date2020
Abstract

Lattice modulation spectroscopy is a powerful tool for probing low-energy excitations of interacting many-body systems. By means of bosonization we analyze the absorbed power in a one-dimensional interacting quantum gas of bosons or fermions, subjected to a periodic drive of the optical lattice. For these Tomonaga-Luttinger liquids we find a universal ω3 scaling of the absorbed power, which at very low-frequency turns into an ω2 scaling when scattering processes at the boundary of the system are taken into account. We confirm this behavior numerically by simulations based on time-dependent matrix product states. Furthermore, in the presence of impurities, the theory predicts an ω2 bulk scaling. While typical response functions of Tomonaga-Luttinger liquids are characterized by exponents that depend on the interaction strength, modulation spectroscopy of cold atoms leads to a universal power-law exponent of the absorbed power. Our findings can be readily demonstrated in ultracold atoms in optical lattices with current experimental technology.

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Citation (ISO format)
CITRO, R. et al. Lattice modulation spectroscopy of one-dimensional quantum gases: Universal scaling of the absorbed energy. In: Physical Review Research, 2020, vol. 2, n° 033187. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevResearch.2.033187
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