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Title

Preliminary Evaluation of a mHealth Coaching Conversational Artificial Intelligence for the Self-Care Management of People with Sickle-Cell Disease

Authors
Hartvigsen, Gunnar
Published in Studies in Health Technology and Informatics. 2020, vol. 270, p. 1361-1362
Abstract Adherence to the complex set of recommended self-care practices among people with Sickle-Cell Disease (SCD) positively impacts health outcomes. However, few patients possess the required skills (i.e. disease-specific knowledge, adequate levels of self-efficacy). Consequently, adherence rates remain low and only 1% of patients are empowered enough to master the self-care practices. Health coaching and therapeutic patient education have emerged as new approaches to enhance patients' self-management and support health behavior changes. This preliminary feasibility study examined patients' perceived usefulness of the information provided by a chatbot we developed following patient-important requirements collected during our preliminary studies. Participants tested the chatbot and completed a post-test survey. A total of 19 patients were enrolled and 2 withdrew. 15 respondents (15/17, 88%) gave a score of at least 3/4 to the question "The chatbot contains all the information I need". Results suggest that mHealth coaching apps could be used to promote the knowledge acquisition of recommended health behaviors related to the prevention of SCD main symptoms.
Keywords AnemiaSickle CellArtificial IntelligenceHumansMentoringSelf CareTelemedicine
Identifiers
PMID: 32570659
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Article (Published version) (107 Kb) - public document Free access
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Research group Interfaces Homme-machine en milieu clinique (610)
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(ISO format)
ISSOM, David et al. Preliminary Evaluation of a mHealth Coaching Conversational Artificial Intelligence for the Self-Care Management of People with Sickle-Cell Disease. In: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, 2020, vol. 270, p. 1361-1362. doi: 10.3233/SHTI200442 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:146793

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Deposited on : 2020-12-18

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