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Scientific article
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English

Associations between blood metabolic profile at 7 years old and eating disorders in adolescence: findings from the avon longitudinal study of parents and children

Published inMetabolites, vol. 9, no. 9, 191
Publication date2019
Abstract

Eating disorders are severe illnesses characterized by both psychiatric and metabolic factors. We explored the prospective role of metabolic risk in eating disorders in a UK cohort (n = 2929 participants), measuring 158 metabolic traits in non-fasting EDTA-plasma by nuclear magnetic resonance. We associated metabolic markers at 7 years (exposure) with risk for anorexia nervosa and binge-eating disorder (outcomes) at 14, 16, and 18 years using logistic regression adjusted for maternal education, child's sex, age, body mass index, and calorie intake at 7 years. Elevated very low-density lipoproteins, triglycerides, apolipoprotein-B/A, and monounsaturated fatty acids ratio were associated with lower odds of anorexia nervosa at age 18, while elevated high-density lipoproteins, docosahexaenoic acid and polyunsaturated fatty acids ratio, and fatty acid unsaturation were associated with higher risk for anorexia nervosa at 18 years. Elevated linoleic acid and n-6 fatty acid ratios were associated with lower odds of binge-eating disorder at 16 years, while elevated saturated fatty acid ratio was associated with higher odds of binge-eating disorder. Most associations had large confidence intervals and showed, for anorexia nervosa, different directions across time points. Overall, our results show some evidence for a role of metabolic factors in eating disorders development in adolescence.

Keywords
  • ALSPAC
  • EDTA-plasma
  • Anorexia nervosa
  • Binge-eating disorder
  • Eating disorders
  • Metabolomics
  • Nuclear magnetic resonance
Citation (ISO format)
SANTOS FERREIRA, Diana L et al. Associations between blood metabolic profile at 7 years old and eating disorders in adolescence: findings from the avon longitudinal study of parents and children. In: Metabolites, 2019, vol. 9, n° 9, p. 191. doi: 10.3390/metabo9090191
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ISSN of the journal2218-1989
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