Scientific article
Open access

Muscle mass and muscle strength relationships to balance: the role of age and physical activity

Published inJournal of Aging and Physical Activity, vol. 28, no. 2, p. 262-268
Publication date2020

Objective: To investigate the relations of balance to muscle mass (MM) and muscle strength (MS), depending on age and physical activity, which is of particular importance to functional independence in older people. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 802 volunteers (69.82 ± 5.60 years). The Fullerton Advanced Balance scale was used to assess balance and a composite score, including arm curl and chair stand tests for assessing MS. MM was estimated by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and physical activity by questionnaire. Results: Greater MM (r = .26, p < .001) and MS (r = .53, p < .001) were positively correlated to balance. The old-old adults and less active individuals attained lower balance. Notably, moderation and subsequent simple slope analyses revealed that the relations of balance, MM, and MS were larger in less active and the old-old adults. Conclusions: The old-old and less active adults were more prone to muscle weakness and balance impairments. Tailored interventions should particularly consider these vulnerable groups.

  • Functional fitness
  • Older adults
  • Skeletal muscle
Citation (ISO format)
GOUVEIA, Élvio R. et al. Muscle mass and muscle strength relationships to balance: the role of age and physical activity. In: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 2020, vol. 28, n° 2, p. 262–268. doi: 10.1123/japa.2018-0113
Main files (2)
Article (Accepted version)
Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal1063-8652

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