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Scientific article
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Super-Stoichiometric Charge Neutralization in Particle−Polyelectrolyte Systems

Published inLangmuir, vol. 21, no. 8, p. 3688-3698
Publication date2005
Abstract

The adsorption of poly(vinylamine) (PVA) on poly(styrene sulfate) latex particles is studied, and its consequences on the charging behavior and suspension stability are investigated. The adsorption process is assessed by batch depletion experiments and time-resolved electrophoretic mobility measurements. The adsorption of PVA appears to be basically irreversible. The rate of adsorption decreases with decreasing polymer dose. At low polymer dose, the polymer coverage corresponds to the amount of the polyelectrolyte added, while at high polymer dose, the polymer coverage saturates the surface. Stability ratios are determined by dynamic light scattering, and strongly depend on the polymer dose and salt level. The aggregation is rapid near the isoelectric point (IEP), and it slows down when moving away from it. The charge neutralization is highly nonstoichiometric with charging ratios (CR) larger than unity, meaning that several charges on an adsorbed polyelectrolyte chain are necessary to neutralize a single charge on the particle surface. By comparing the IEP for particles and polyelectrolytes of different charge densities, we find a strong dependence of the CR on the mismatch between the average distances between individual charges on the surface and on the polyelectrolyte. A simple model is proposed to explain this trend.

Citation (ISO format)
KLEIMANN, Jorg et al. Super-Stoichiometric Charge Neutralization in Particle−Polyelectrolyte Systems. In: Langmuir, 2005, vol. 21, n° 8, p. 3688–3698. doi: 10.1021/la046911u
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