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Scientific article
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Benefits of Enhanced Recovery After Surgery for fusion in degenerative spine surgery: impact on outcome, length of stay, and patient satisfaction

Published inNeurosurgical Focus, vol. 46, no. 4, E6
Publication date2019
Abstract

OBJECTIVEEnhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) proposes a multimodal, evidence-based approach to perioperative care. Thanks to the improvement in care protocols and the fluidity of the patient pathway, the first goal of ERAS is the improvement of surgical outcomes and patient experience, with a final impact on a reduction in the hospital length of stay (LOS). The implementation of ERAS in spinal surgery is in the early stages. The authors report on their initial experience in applying an ERAS program to several degenerative spinal fusion procedures.METHODSThe authors selected two 2-year periods: the first from before any implementation of ERAS principles (pre-ERAS years 2012-2013) and the second corresponding to a period when the paradigm was applied widely (post-ERAS years 2016-2017). Patient groups in these periods were retrospectively compared according to three degenerative conditions requiring fusion: anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF), and posterior lumbar fusion. Data were collected on patient demographics, operative and perioperative data, LOSs, 90-day readmissions, and morbidity. ERAS-trained nurses were involved to support patients at each pre-, intra-, and postoperative step with the help of a mobile application (app). A satisfaction survey was included in the app.RESULTSThe pre-ERAS group included 1563 patients (159 ALIF, 749 ACDF, and 655 posterior fusion), and the post-ERAS group included 1920 patients (202 ALIF, 612 ACDF, and 1106 posterior fusion). The mean LOS was significantly shorter in the post-ERAS group than in the pre-ERAS group for all three conditions. It was reduced from 6.06 ± 1.1 to 3.33 ± 0.8 days for the ALIF group (p < 0.001), from 3.08 ± 0.9 to 1.3 ± 0.7 days for the ACDF group (p < 0.001), and from 6.7 ± 4.8 to 4.8 ± 2.3 days for posterior fusion cases (p < 0.001). There was no significant difference in overall complications between the two periods for the ALIF (11.9% pre-ERAS vs 11.4% post-ERAS, p = 0.86) and ACDF (6.0% vs 8.2%, p = 0.12) cases, but they decreased significantly for lumbar fusions (14.8% vs 10.9%, p = 0.02). Regarding satisfaction with overall care among 808 available responses, 699 patients (86.5%) were satisfied or very satisfied, and regarding appreciation of the mobile e-health app in the perceived optimization of care management, 665 patients (82.3%) were satisfied or very satisfied.CONCLUSIONSThe introduction of the ERAS approach at the authors' institution for spinal fusion for three studied conditions resulted in a significant decrease in LOS without causing increased postoperative complications. Patient satisfaction with overall management, upstream organization of hospitalization, and the use of e-health was high. According to the study results, which are consistent with those in other studies, the whole concept of ERAS (primarily reducing complications and pain, and then reducing LOS) seems applicable to spinal surgery.

Keywords
  • Adult
  • Diskectomy
  • Enhanced Recovery After Surgery
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/surgery
  • Length of Stay
  • Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mobile Applications
  • Patient Discharge
  • Patient Readmission
  • Patient Satisfaction
  • Postoperative Complications/epidemiology
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Spinal Fusion/methods
  • Treatment Outcome
Citation (ISO format)
DEBONO, Bertrand et al. Benefits of Enhanced Recovery After Surgery for fusion in degenerative spine surgery: impact on outcome, length of stay, and patient satisfaction. In: Neurosurgical Focus, 2019, vol. 46, n° 4, p. E6. doi: 10.3171/2019.1.FOCUS18669
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Article (Published version)
accessLevelRestricted
Identifiers
ISSN of the journal1092-0684
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Creation10/14/2020 8:48:00 PM
First validation10/14/2020 8:48:00 PM
Update time03/15/2023 11:37:49 PM
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