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Scientific article
English

Aggregation of Negatively Charged Colloidal Particles in the Presence of Multivalent Cations

Published inLangmuir, vol. 30, no. 3, p. 733-741
Publication date2014
Abstract

The aggregation and charging behavior of sulfate and carboxyl latex particles in the presence of different multivalent salts was studied. Time-resolved light scattering and electrophoresis are the main experimental techniques used. In particular, the influence of the type of counterion is investigated. The main conclusion is that the valence of the counterion is highly relevant in determining the aggregation behavior, whereas its chemical nature is rather unimportant. Multivalent ions of higher valence destabilize the suspensions more effectively, in particular, by shifting the critical coagulation concentration (CCC) to lower values. This behavior reflects the classical Schulze–Hardy rule. Comparison with literature data reveals that the presently investigated systems behave similarly to the ones described earlier, but the observed dependence on valence is weaker than in some other systems. Moreover, we observe a slowdown of the aggregation at high electrolyte concentrations. This slowdown can be explained by the greater viscosity of the electrolyte solutions under these conditions.

Citation (ISO format)
ONCSIK, Tamas et al. Aggregation of Negatively Charged Colloidal Particles in the Presence of Multivalent Cations. In: Langmuir, 2014, vol. 30, n° 3, p. 733–741. doi: 10.1021/la4046644
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