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Environmental Sensing of Aquatic Systems at the University of Geneva

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Crespi, Miquel Coll
Afshar, Majid Ghahraman
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Published in Chimia. 2014, vol. 68, no. 11, p. 772-777
Abstract Aquatic environments are complex living systems where biological and chemical constituents change rapidly with time and space and may exhibit synergistic interactions. To understand these processes, the traditional approach based on a typically monthly collection of samples followed by laboratory analysis is not adequate. It must be replaced by high-resolution autonomous in situ detection approaches. In our group at the University of Geneva, we aim to develop and deploy chemical sensor probes to understand complex aquatic systems. Most research centers around electrochemical sensing approaches, which involves: stripping voltammetry at gel-coated microelectrode arrays for direct measurements of bioavailable essential or toxic trace metals; direct potentiometry for the measurement of nutrients and other species involved in the nitrogen and carbon cycles; online desalination for oceanic measurements; the development of robust measurement principles such as thin layer coulometry, and speciation analysis by tandem electrochemical detection with potentiometry and dynamic electrochemistry. These fundamental developments are combined with instrument design, both in-house and with external partners, and result in field deployments in partnership with environmental researchers in Switzerland and the European Union.
Keywords Electrochemical sensorsEnvironmental monitoring(Micro-)nutrients/pollutantsNitrogen and carbon speciesOptodes
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BAKKER, Eric et al. Environmental Sensing of Aquatic Systems at the University of Geneva. In: Chimia, 2014, vol. 68, n° 11, p. 772-777. doi: 10.2533/chimia.2014.772 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:143921

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Deposited on : 2020-11-02

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