Scientific article
Open access

High-field superconductivity in C-doped MgB2 bulk samples prepared by a rapid synthesis route

Published inScientific Reports, vol. 10, no. 17656
Publication date2020

The upper critical field sets the thermodynamic limit to superconductivity. A big gap is present between the upper-critical-field values measured in MgB2 polycrystalline bulk superconductors and those of thin films, where values as high as ~ 50 T have been achieved at 4.2 K. Filling this gap would unlock the potential of MgB2 for magnet applications. This work presents the results of an extensive experimental campaign on MgB2 bulk samples, which has been guided by a Design of Experiment. We modeled the dependence of the upper critical field on the main synthesis parameters and established a new record (~ 35 T at 4.2 K) preparing C-doped bulk samples by a non-conventional rapid-synthesis route. This value appears to be an upper boundary for the upper critical field in bulk samples. Structural disorder in films seems to act selectively on one of the two bands where superconductivity in MgB2 takes place: this enhances the upper critical field while reducing the critical temperature only by few Kelvins. On the other hand, the critical temperature in bulk samples decreases monotonically when structural disorder increases, and this imposes a limit to the maximum achievable upper critical field.

Citation (ISO format)
MATERA, Davide et al. High-field superconductivity in C-doped MgB<sub>2</sub> bulk samples prepared by a rapid synthesis route. In: Scientific Reports, 2020, vol. 10, n° 17656. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-74300-9
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Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal2045-2322

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