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Essential Variables for Environmental Monitoring: What are the Possible Contributions of Earth Observation Data Cubes?

Published in Data. 2020, vol. 5, no. 100
Abstract Environmental sustainability is nowadays a major global issue that requires efficient and effective responses from governments. Essential variables (EV) have emerged in different scientific communities as a means to characterize and follow environmental changes through a set of measurements required to support policy evidence. To help track these changes, our planet has been under continuous observation from satellites since 1972. Currently, petabytes of satellite Earth observation (EO) data are freely available. However, the full information potential of EO data has not been yet realized because many big data challenges and complexity barriers hinder their effective use. Consequently, facilitating the production of EVs using the wealth of satellite EO data can be beneficial for environmental monitoring systems. In response to this issue, a comprehensive list of EVs that can take advantage of consistent time-series satellite data has been derived. In addition, a set of use-cases, using an Earth Observation Data Cube (EODC) to process large volumes of satellite data, have been implemented to demonstrate the practical applicability of EODC to produce EVs. The proposed approach has been successfully tested showing that EODC can facilitate the production of EVs at different scales and benefiting from the spatial and temporal dimension of satellite EO data for enhanced environmental monitoring.
Keywords Essential variablesClimateBiodiversityWaterEarth observationsData cube
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Research groups Envirospace Lab
Global Resource Information Database (GRID)
ISE Pôle Informatique environnementale
ISE Pôle Sciences
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GIULIANI, Gregory et al. Essential Variables for Environmental Monitoring: What are the Possible Contributions of Earth Observation Data Cubes?. In: Data, 2020, vol. 5, n° 100. doi: 10.3390/data5040100 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:143508

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Deposited on : 2020-10-27

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