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Scientific article
Open access
English

Interethnic genetic differentiation : GM polymorphism in Eastern Senegal

Published inAmerican journal of human genetics, vol. 46, no. 2, p. 383-392
Publication date1990
Abstract

Analysis of GM polymorphism has been performed on 1,806 individuals representing three sympatric ethnic groups--Bedik, Fulani, and Mandenkalu--of eastern Senegal. Haplotype frequencies estimated by maximum likelihood have been used to compute common genetic pools between the three samples and a number of other sub-Saharan African populations. Despite extreme linguistic and sociocultural differentiations and very high levels of endogamy, especially in the Bedik and Niokholo Mandenkalu, the three populations share about 90%-95% of their haplotype frequencies in a system which commonly provides strong genetic differentiations. This supports the view that, despite its importance at a large continental scale level, as it is discussed for a set of populations from many regions of sub-Saharan Africa, sociocultural differentiation usually has little effect on local genetic diversity.

Keywords
  • Demography
  • Ethnic Groups
  • Gene Frequency
  • Haplotypes
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulin Allotypes/genetics
  • Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains/genetics
  • Immunoglobulin gamma-Chains/genetics
  • Male
  • Phenotype
  • Genetic Polymorphism
  • Probability
  • Senegal
Citation (ISO format)
BLANC, Madeleine et al. Interethnic genetic differentiation : GM polymorphism in Eastern Senegal. In: American journal of human genetics, 1990, vol. 46, n° 2, p. 383–392.
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Article (Published version)
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ISSN of the journal0002-9297
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