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Un Fleurisien à Cluny : la vie et l'œuvre de Raoul Tortaire

ContributorsDolveck, Franz
Published inFilologia mediolatina, vol. 20, p. 277-308
Publication date2013
Abstract

The life of Rodulphus Tortarius, monk at Fleury, known as poet and as the redactor of one of the books of Saint Benedict's miracles, has been a very discussed question. Indeed, the only extant manuscript of his poetic works (Città del Vaticano, Bibl. apost. Vat., Reg. lat. 1357) seems to indicate that he was still living in 1142 (to write an epitaph on Abelard's death) and even in 1143 (to write a metrical praise of saint Bernard's action in making peace between the King of France, Louis VII, and the Count of Champagne, Thibaut IV of Blois), whereas it is known that he was born in 1063/4. But every piece of evidence shows that this manuscript is intended editorially as opera omnia of a single poet and that it is then unlikely that works by other ones should have been copied within. It is also evidenced that the writer of the last book of saint Benedict's miracles, Hugo, monachus Floriacensis, as he names himself, cannot be Hugues of Sainte-Marie : then we have no need to believe that, when this Hugues says that his predecessor, Rodulphus, was dead at the time he was writing, it is in the end of the 1110's or in the beginning of the 1120's. According these main elements, Rodulphus Tortarius actually died, soon after 1143 (for he was not able to proofread the copy of the Panegyric of saint Ber-nard), aged 80 or so. Texts needing a new edition, viz. Rodulphus' Panegyric of saint Bernard and the two epitaphs on his own death, as well as one text from the same manuscript, previously unknown and therefore inedited, a letter to a friend named Gaulterus on the concept of friendship, are here given

Citation (ISO format)
DOLVECK, Franz. Un Fleurisien à Cluny : la vie et l’œuvre de Raoul Tortaire. In: Filologia mediolatina, 2013, vol. 20, p. 277–308.
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  • PID : unige:143207
ISSN of the journal1124-0008
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