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Scientific article
Open access
English

Immune response of polarized cystic fibrosis airway epithelial cells infected with Influenza A virus

Publication date2020
Abstract

Background: Cystic fibrosis (CF), a genetic disease caused by mutations of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene, is characterized by dysfunction of the immune response in the airway epithelium that leads to prolonged infection, colonization and exacerbated inflammation. In this study, we determined the gene expression profile of airway epithelial cells knockdown for CFTR (CFTR KD) in response to bacterial and viral challenges. Methods: In a first approach, polarized CFTR KD and their control counterpart (CFTR CTL) cells were stimulated with P. aeruginosa-derived virulence factor flagellin. Next, we developed a model of Influenza A virus (IAV) infection in CTL and CFTR KD polarized cells. mRNA was collected for transcriptome analysis. Results: Beside the expected pro-inflammatory response, Gene Set Enrichment Analysis highlighted key molecular pathways and players involved in IAV and anti-viral interferon signaling. Although IAV replication was similar in both cell types, multiplex gene expression analysis revealed changes of key immune genes dependent on time of infection that were found to be CFTR-dependent and/or IAV-dependent. Interferons are key signaling proteins/cytokines in the antibacterial and antiviral response. To evaluate their impact on the altered gene expression profile in CFTR responses to pathogens, we measured transcriptome changes after exposure to Type I-, Type II- and Type III-interferons. Conclusions: Our findings reveal target genes in understanding the defective immune response in the CF airway epithelium in the context of viral infection. Information provided in this study would be useful to understand the dysfunctional immune response of the CF airway epithelium during infection.

Keywords
  • Airway epithelium
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Immune response
  • Pathogens
  • Transcriptome
Citation (ISO format)
SOFOLUWE, Aderonke et al. Immune response of polarized cystic fibrosis airway epithelial cells infected with Influenza A virus. In: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis, 2020. doi: 10.1016/j.jcf.2020.08.012
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Identifiers
ISSN of the journal1569-1993
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Technical informations

Creation10/01/2020 5:13:00 PM
First validation10/01/2020 5:13:00 PM
Update time03/15/2023 10:42:10 PM
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