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Title

Cystoid macular oedema and iris-fixated intraocular lens treated with intraocular lens exchange: A case series and review

Authors
Gobej, Iona
Le Quoy, Olivier
Published in The Journal of International Medical Research. 2019, vol. 47, no. 1, p. 188-195
Abstract This series of case reports describes six eyes from five patients that underwent intraocular lens (IOL) exchange with scleral-fixated IOLs for cystoid macular oedema associated with iris-fixated IOLs between 2005 and 2015. Macular oedema was assessed using ocular coherence tomography (OCT). The six eyes in this series were treated by IOL removal and implantation of a scleral-sutured IOL with four points of fixation in the sulcus. Visual acuity improved in all six eyes. On OCT, macular oedema resolved after 3 months in all eyes. There were no surgical complications from the IOL exchange. One eye had a pupilloplasty and another had a diaphragm IOL to treat a major iris impairment from prior surgeries. The cause of cystoid macular oedema in these cases remains controversial but has been well recognized in eyes with iris-sutured IOLs. The absence of sutures with posterior fixation of an iris claw IOL prevents progressive corneal endothelial cell loss but does not prevent macular oedema, even in vitrectomized eyes. In conclusion, macular oedema resolved and visual acuity improved after implant exchange with a secondary scleral-fixated IOL in these cases. This procedure should be considered as a solution to persistent symptomatic cystoid macular oedema from an iris-fixated implant.
Keywords Iris claw lensScleral-sutured intraocular lensCystoid macular oedemaComplicationsIris-fixated intraocular lenses
Identifiers
PMID: 30270801
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Research group Ophtalmologie expérimentale (925)
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MASSA, Horace et al. Cystoid macular oedema and iris-fixated intraocular lens treated with intraocular lens exchange: A case series and review. In: The Journal of International Medical Research, 2019, vol. 47, n° 1, p. 188-195. doi: 10.1177/0300060518799004 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:142190

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Deposited on : 2020-09-29

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