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Scientific article
English

Aggregation and charging of sulfate and amidine latex particles in the presence of oxyanions

Published inJournal of Colloid and Interface Science, vol. 524, p. 456-464
Publication date2018
Abstract

Electrophoretic mobility and time resolved light scattering are used to measure the effect on charging and aggregation of amidine and sulfate latex particles of different oxyanions namely, phosphate, arsenate, sulfate, and selenate. In the case of negatively charged sulfate latex particles oxyanions represent the coions, while they represent counterions in the case of the positively charged amidine latex. Repulsive interaction between the sulfate latex surface and the coions results in weak ion specific effects on the charging and aggregation. On the other hand the interaction of oxyanions with the amidine latex surface is highly specific. The monovalent dihydrogen phosphate ion strongly adsorbs to the positively charged surface and reverses the charge of the particle. This charge reversal leads also to the restabilization of the amidine latex suspension at the intermediate phosphate concentrations. In the case of dihydrogen arsenate the adsorption to amidine latex surface is weaker and no charge reversal and restabilization occurs. Similar differences are seen between the sulfate and selenate analogues, where selenate adsorbs more strongly to the surface as compared to the sulfate ion and invokes charge reversal. The present results indicate that ion specificity is much more pronounced in the case of counterions.

Keywords
  • Aggregation
  • Oxyanions
  • Charging
Citation (ISO format)
SUGIMOTO, Takuya et al. Aggregation and charging of sulfate and amidine latex particles in the presence of oxyanions. In: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 2018, vol. 524, p. 456–464. doi: 10.1016/j.jcis.2018.04.035
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Article (Published version)
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ISSN of the journal0021-9797
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