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Allopurinol-induced oral lichenoid drug reaction with complete regression after drug withdrawal

Published in Dermatopathology. 2020, vol. 7, no. 2, p. 18-25
Abstract Background: Lichen planus is a chronic mucocutaneous inflammatory disease. Oral manifestations are common, and may remain exclusive to the oral mucosa without involvement of the skin or other mucosae. A differential diagnosis includes oral lichenoid drug reactions. Allopurinol, which is the first line hypo-uricemic treatment, is often quoted as being a possible offending drug, though oral reactions have rarely been reported. Case presentation: We describe a 59-year-old male gout patient, successfully treated with allopurinol, who developed acute onset of oral lichenoid lesions, involving bilaterally the buccal mucosa, the tongue and the labial mucosa. Histopathology was consistent with a lichen planus or a drug-induced lichenoid reaction. Improvement of the patient's condition after withdrawal of allopurinol confirmed the lichenoid nature of the lesion. Remission was complete after a few weeks. Discussion: Although unusual, allopurinol may induce a lichenoid drug reaction. These reactions may mimic clinically and histopathologically idiopathic lichen planus. Improvement or complete regression of the lesions may be attempted to confirm the diagnosis. According to the latest WHO recommendations, these lesions have a potential for malignant transformation.
Keywords Adverse drug reactionAllopurinolLichen planusLichenoid reactionOral mucosa.
PMID: 32806618
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Research group Groupe Lombardi Tommaso (médecine dentaire) (313)
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PEREZ, Alexandre et al. Allopurinol-induced oral lichenoid drug reaction with complete regression after drug withdrawal. In: Dermatopathology, 2020, vol. 7, n° 2, p. 18-25. doi: 10.3390/dermatopathology7020004 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:141154

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Deposited on : 2020-09-11

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