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Title

Pressure-induced phase transitions in Na2B12H12, structural investigation on a candidate for solid-state electrolyte

Authors
Łodziana, Zbigniew
Remhof, Arndt
Roedern, Elsa
Published in Acta Crystallographica. B, Structural Science. 2019, vol. 75, no. 3, p. 406-413
Abstract closo-Borates, such as Na2B12H12, are an emerging class of ionic conductors that show promising chemical, electrochemical and mechanical properties as electrolytes in all-solid-state batteries. Motivated by theoretical predictions, high-pressure in situ powder X-ray diffraction on Na2B12H12 was performed and two high-pressure phases are discovered. The first phase transition occurs at 0.5 GPa and it is persistent to ambient pressure, whereas the second transition takes place between 5.7 and 8.1 GPa and it is fully reversible. The mechanisms of the transitions by means of group theoretical analysis are unveiled. The primary order parameters are identified and the stability at ambient pressure of the first polymorph is explained by density functional theory calculations. Finally, the parameters relevant to engineer and build an all-solid-state battery, namely, the bulk modulus and the coefficient of the thermal expansion are reported. The relatively low value of the bulk modulus for the first polymorph (14 GPa) indicates a soft material which allows accommodation of the volume change of the cathode during cycling.
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Projects
FNS: CRSII2_160749
FNS: 200021_169033/1.
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MOURY, Romain Yves et al. Pressure-induced phase transitions in Na2B12H12, structural investigation on a candidate for solid-state electrolyte. In: Acta Crystallographica. B, Structural Science, 2019, vol. 75, n° 3, p. 406-413. doi: 10.1107/S2052520619004670 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:140503

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Deposited on : 2020-08-31

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