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Insights into the global effect on Staphylococcus aureus growth arrest by induction of the endoribonuclease MazF toxin

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Published in Nucleic Acids Research. 2020, gkaa617
Abstract A crucial bacterial strategy to avoid killing by antibiotics is to enter a growth arrested state, yet the molecular mechanisms behind this process remain elusive. The conditional overexpression of mazF, the endoribonuclease toxin of the MazEF toxin-antitoxin system in Staphylococcus aureus, is one approach to induce bacterial growth arrest, but its targets remain largely unknown. We used overexpression of mazF and high-throughput sequence analysis following the exact mapping of non-phosphorylated transcriptome ends (nEMOTE) technique to reveal in vivo toxin cleavage sites on a global scale. We obtained a catalogue of MazF cleavage sites and unearthed an extended MazF cleavage specificity that goes beyond the previously reported one. We correlated transcript cleavage and abundance in a global transcriptomic profiling during mazF overexpression. We observed that MazF affects RNA molecules involved in ribosome biogenesis, cell wall synthesis, cell division and RNA turnover and thus deliver a plausible explanation for how mazF overexpression induces stasis. We hypothesize that autoregulation of MazF occurs by directly modulating the MazEF operon, such as the rsbUVW genes that regulate the sigma factor SigB, including an observed cleavage site on the MazF mRNA that would ultimately play a role in entry and exit from bacterial stasis.
PMID: 32735661
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Research group Régulation du cycle cellulaire dans C.crescentus, une bactérie asymétrique (895)
FNS: 310030-169404; 310030-166611
FNS: CRSII3 160703
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SIERRA MIRANDA, Roberto Mario et al. Insights into the global effect on Staphylococcus aureus growth arrest by induction of the endoribonuclease MazF toxin. In: Nucleic Acids Research, 2020, p. gkaa617. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkaa617 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:139726

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Deposited on : 2020-08-18

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