en
Scientific article
Open access
English

Guided graph spectral embedding: Application to the C. elegans connectome

Published inNetwork Neuroscience, vol. 3, no. 3, p. 807-826
Publication date2019
Abstract

Graph spectral analysis can yield meaningful embeddings of graphs by providing insight into distributed features not directly accessible in nodal domain. Recent efforts in graph signal processing have proposed new decompositions—for example, based on wavelets and Slepians—that can be applied to filter signals defined on the graph. In this work, we take inspiration from these constructions to define a new guided spectral embedding that combines maximizing energy concentration with minimizing modified embedded distance for a given importance weighting of the nodes. We show that these optimization goals are intrinsically opposite, leading to a well-defined and stable spectral decomposition. The importance weighting allows us to put the focus on particular nodes and tune the trade-off between global and local effects. Following the derivation of our new optimization criterion, we exemplify the methodology on the C. elegans structural connectome. The results of our analyses confirm known observations on the nematode's neural network in terms of functionality and importance of cells. Compared with Laplacian embedding, the guided approach, focused on a certain class of cells (sensory neurons, interneurons, or motoneurons), provides more biological insights, such as the distinction between somatic positions of cells, and their involvement in low- or high-order processing functions.

Keywords
  • Spectral graph domain
  • Graph embedding
  • Low-dimensional space
  • Focused
  • Connectomics
Citation (ISO format)
PETROVIC, Miljan et al. Guided graph spectral embedding: Application to the C. elegans connectome. In: Network Neuroscience, 2019, vol. 3, n° 3, p. 807–826. doi: 10.1162/netn_a_00084
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ISSN of the journal2472-1751
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