Scientific article
Open access

In-line filtration in very preterm neonates: a randomized controlled trial

Published inScientific Reports, vol. 10, no. 1, 5003
Publication date2020

In-line filtration is increasingly used in critically-ill infants but its benefits, by preventing micro-particle infusion in very preterm neonates, remain to be demonstrated. We conducted a randomized controlled trial among very preterm infants allocated to receive either in-line filtration of all the intra-venous lines or standard care without filters. The primary outcome was differences greater than 20% in the median changes in pro-inflammatory cytokine serum concentrations measured at day 3 and day 8 (+/-1) using a Luminex multianalytic profiling technique. Major neonatal complications were analyzed as secondary predefined outcomes. We randomized 146 infants, assigned to filter (n = 73) or control (n = 73) group. Difference over 20% in pro-inflammatory cytokine concentration between day 3 and day 8 was not found statistically different between the two groups, both in intent-to-treat (with imputation) and per protocol (without imputation) analyses. The incidences of most of neonatal complications were found to be similar. Hence, this trial did not evidence a beneficial effect of in-line filtration in very preterm infants on the inflammatory response syndrome and neonatal morbidities. These data should be interpreted according to local standards in infusion preparation and central line management.

  • Diagnostic markers
  • Inflammation
  • Paediatric research
  • Prognostic markers
  • Risk factors
Citation (ISO format)
VIRLOUVET, Anne-Laure et al. In-line filtration in very preterm neonates: a randomized controlled trial. In: Scientific Reports, 2020, vol. 10, n° 1, p. 5003. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-61815-4
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ISSN of the journal2045-2322

Technical informations

Creation06/18/2020 10:33:00 AM
First validation06/18/2020 10:33:00 AM
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