Scientific article

Reconciling different formulations of viscous water waves and their mass conservation

Published inWave Motion, vol. 97, 102610
Publication date2020

The viscosity of water induces a vorticity near the free surface boundary. The resulting rotational component of the fluid velocity vector greatly complicates the water wave system. Several approaches to close this system have been proposed. Our analysis compares three common sets of model equations. The first set has a rotational kinematic boundary condition at the surface. In the second set, a gauge choice for the velocity vector is made that cancels the rotational contribution in the kinematic boundary condition, at the cost of rotational velocity in the bulk and a rotational pressure. The third set circumvents the problem by introducing two domains: the irrotational bulk and the vortical boundary layer. This comparison puts forward the link between rotational pressure on the surface and vorticity in the boundary layer, addresses the existence of nonlinear vorticity terms, and shows where approximations have been used in the models. Furthermore, we examine the conservation of mass for the three systems, and how this can be compared to the irrotational case.

  • Vorticity
  • Viscosity
  • Gravity surface waves
  • Mass conservation
Citation (ISO format)
EELTINK, Debbie et al. Reconciling different formulations of viscous water waves and their mass conservation. In: Wave Motion, 2020, vol. 97, p. 102610. doi: 10.1016/j.wavemoti.2020.102610
Main files (1)
Article (Submitted version)
ISSN of the journal0165-2125

Technical informations

Creation06/15/2020 10:03:00 AM
First validation06/15/2020 10:03:00 AM
Update time03/15/2023 10:07:28 PM
Status update03/15/2023 10:07:27 PM
Last indexation01/17/2024 10:07:15 AM
All rights reserved by Archive ouverte UNIGE and the University of GenevaunigeBlack