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Stimulation of Root Formation by Thiol Compounds

Moncousin, Charles
O'Rourke, Jane
Morré, D. James
Published in HortScience. 1996, vol. 31, no. 2, p. 240-243
Abstract Root formation in shoot cuttings of soybean (Glycine max L. ‘Williams'), mungbean (Phaseolus aureas Mdlbg.), English ivy (Hedera helix L.), and apple (Malus ´domestica Borkh. ‘Jork 9') was stimulated by dithiothreitol and reduced glutathione in the presence and absence of auxin (IAA) shock. In soybean, in the absence of auxin, root formation was stimulated to about the same extent by glutathione alone as with auxin alone. The roots induced by thiol compounds were longer than roots induced by auxin shock and were completely normal in appearance. Roots produced with auxin shock alone were short and exhibited characteristic auxin-induced deformations. With a combination treatment of auxin shock and thiol compounds, roots were more numerous than with either alone, somewhat longer than with auxin alone, and exhibited fewer of the usual deformations characteristic of roots grown in the presence of external auxins. The thiol compounds also were beneficial for rooting Malus shoots propagated from callus in vitro. The thiol compounds were most beneficial with older cuttings where auxin shock was often insufficient to obtain roots. In shoots where rooting was stimulated by thiol agents, shoots grew more rapidly than in those where rooting was induced by auxin shock alone. These findings suggest a use for thiol compounds alone or in combination with auxin shock to induce differentiation of root primordia as well as for stimulation of root growth. Chemical name used: indole-3-acetic acid (IAA).
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AUDERSET, Guy Leon et al. Stimulation of Root Formation by Thiol Compounds. In: HortScience, 1996, vol. 31, n° 2, p. 240-243. doi: 10.21273/HORTSCI.31.2.240

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