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Polyamine uptake transporter 2 (put2) and decaying seeds enhance phyA-mediated germination by overcoming PIF1 repression of germination

Published inPLOS Genetics, vol. 15, no. 7, e1008292
Publication date2019
Abstract

Red light promotes germination after activating phytochrome phyB, which destabilizes the germination repressor PIF1. Early upon seed imbibition, canopy light, unfavorable for photosynthesis, represses germination by stabilizing PIF1 after inactivating phyB. Paradoxically, later upon imbibition, canopy light stimulates germination after activating phytochrome phyA. phyA-mediated germination is poorly understood and, intriguingly, is inefficient, compared to phyB-mediated germination, raising the question of its physiological significance. A genetic screen identified polyamine uptake transporter 2 (put2) mutants that overaccumulate polyamines, a class of antioxidant polycations implicated in numerous cellular functions, which we found promote phyA-mediated germination. In WT seeds, our data suggest that canopy light represses polyamines accumulation through PIF1 while red light promotes polyamines accumulation. We show that canopy light also downregulates PIF1 levels, through phyA; however, PIF1 reaccumulates rapidly, which limits phyA-mediated germination. High polyamines levels in decaying seeds bypass PIF1 repression of germination and stimulate phyA-mediated germination, suggesting an adaptive mechanism promoting survival when viability is compromised.

Keywords
  • 1-Pyrroline-5-Carboxylate Dehydrogenase/genetics/metabolism
  • Amino Acid Transport Systems/genetics/metabolism
  • Arabidopsis/growth & development/metabolism
  • Arabidopsis Proteins/genetics/metabolism
  • Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/metabolism
  • Down-Regulation
  • Germination
  • Light
  • Mutation
  • Phytochrome A/metabolism
  • Polyamines/metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins/genetics/metabolism
Research group
Citation (ISO format)
KIM, Woohyun et al. Polyamine uptake transporter 2 (put2) and decaying seeds enhance phyA-mediated germination by overcoming PIF1 repression of germination. In: PLOS Genetics, 2019, vol. 15, n° 7, p. e1008292. doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1008292
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ISSN of the journal1553-7390
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