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Analysis of Deletions and Thermosensitive Mutations in Rous Sarcoma Virus gag Protein p10

Published in Journal of virology. 1993, vol. 67, no. 7, p. 3826-3834
Abstract Rous sarcoma virus protein p10 is a gag component of the virion present in stoichiometric amount but of unknown function. To characterize this protein, a series of mutants of p10 with linker insertions or deletions was generated by site-directed mutagenesis of a cloned proviral DNA. The deletions and two of the linkers insertions, which disrupted proline pairs, reduced the yield of virus particles upon transfection. These two linker insertion mutants were moreover thermosensitive for this phenotype, producing fewer virus particles at 41 degrees C than at 36 degrees C. Examination of the intracellular viral proteins demonstrated that for all mutants, the amount of gag precursor was similar to the wild-type level. Moreover, the amount of mature gag CA that could be detected by this analysis was similar between each of the mutants and the wild type. This finding suggests that the transport of gag to the membrane and the initial stages of maturation were not affected by the mutations. The virus particles contained normal amounts of active reverse transcriptase, showing that the gag-pol polyprotein was incorporated and cleaved properly. Viral RNA was quantitatively and qualitatively similar in mutant and wild-type virions. However, the infectivity of the mutants virions differed; one of the thermosensitive linker insertions that had no effect on particle production at 36 degrees C was nevertheless noninfectious at that temperature. Together, these data suggest that the p10 protein is involved in a late steps of virus maturation, possibly budding, and perhaps also in an early event of viral infection.
Keywords Amino Acid SequenceAnimalsAvian Sarcoma Viruses/genetics/growth & developmentBase SequenceCellsCulturedChick EmbryoGene ProductsGag/genetics/metabolismGenesGagIn Vitro TechniquesMolecular Sequence DataSite-Directed mutagenesisOligodeoxyribonucleotides/chemistryRNA-Directed DNA Polymerase/metabolismSequence DeletionStructure-Activity RelationshipTemperatureVirus Replication
PMID: 7685400
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Swiss National Science Foundation: 31.29983.90
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DUPRAZ, Philippe Victor Leon, SPAHR, Pierre-François. Analysis of Deletions and Thermosensitive Mutations in Rous Sarcoma Virus gag Protein p10. In: Journal of Virology, 1993, vol. 67, n° 7, p. 3826-3834. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:135903

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