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Physical Isolation of Nascent RNA Chains Transcribed by RNA Polymerase II: Evidence for Cotranscriptional Splicing

Published inMolecular and Cellular Biology, vol. 14, no. 11, p. 7219-7225
Publication date1994
Abstract

In order to examine whether splicing can occur cotranscriptionally in mammalian nuclei, we mapped exon-intron boundaries on nascent RNA chains transcribed by RNA polymerase II. A procedure that allows fractionation of nuclei into a chromatin pellet containing DNA, histones, and ternary transcription complexes and a supernatant containing the bulk of the nonhistone proteins and RNAs that are released from their DNA templates was developed. The transcripts of the genes encoding DBP, a transcriptional activator protein, and HMG coenzyme A reductase recovered from the chromatin pellet and the supernatant were analyzed by S1 nuclease mapping. The large majority of the RNA molecules from the pellet appeared to be nascent transcripts, since, in contrast to the transcripts present in the supernatant, they were not cleaved at the polyadenylation site but rather contained heterogeneous 3' termini encompassing this site. Splicing intermediates could be detected among nascent and released transcripts, suggesting that splicing occurs both cotranscriptionally and posttranscriptionally. Our results also indicate that polyadenylation is not required for the splicing of the last DBP intron. In addition to allowing detailed structural analysis of nascent RNA chains, the physical isolation of nascent transcripts also yields reliable measurements of relative transcription rates.

Citation (ISO format)
WUARIN, Jérôme, SCHIBLER, Ulrich. Physical Isolation of Nascent RNA Chains Transcribed by RNA Polymerase II: Evidence for Cotranscriptional Splicing. In: Molecular and Cellular Biology, 1994, vol. 14, n° 11, p. 7219–7225. doi: 10.1128/MCB.14.11.7219
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