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DNMT3A mutation is associated with increased age and adverse outcome in adult T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia

Bond, Jonathan
Touzart, Aurore
Leprêtre, Stéphane
Graux, Carlos
Bargetzi, Mario
Lhermitte, Ludovic
Hypolite, Guillaume
Leguay, Thibaut
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Published in Haematologica. 2019, vol. 104, no. 8, p. 1617-1625
Abstract The prognostic implications of DNMT3A genotype in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia are incompletely understood. We performed comprehensive genetic and clinico-biological analyses of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients with DNMT3A mutations treated during the GRAALL-2003 and -2005 studies. Eighteen of 198 cases (9.1%) had DNMT3A alterations. Two patients also had DNMT3A mutations in non-leukemic cell DNA, providing the first potential evidence of age-related clonal hematopoiesis in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. DNMT3A mutation was associated with older age (median 43.9 years vs 29.4 years, P<0.001), immature T-cell receptor genotype (53.3% vs 24.4%, P=0.016) and lower remission rates (72.2% mutated vs 94.4% non-mutated, P=0.006). DNMT3A alterations were significantly associated with worse clinical outcome, with higher cumulative incidence of relapse (HR 2.33, 95% CI: 1.05-5.16, P=0.037) and markedly poorer event-free survival (HR 3.22, 95% CI: 1.81-5.72, P<0.001) and overall survival (HR 2.91, 95% CI: 1.56-5.43, P=0.001). Adjusting for age as a covariate, or restricting the analysis to patients over 40 years, who account for almost 90% of DNMT3A-mutated cases, did not modify these observations. In multivariate analysis using the risk factors that were used to stratify treatment during the GRAALL studies, DNMT3A mutation was significantly associated with shorter event-free survival (HR 2.33, 95% CI: 1.06 - 4.04, P=0.02). Altogether, these results identify DNMT3A genotype as a predictor of aggressive T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia biology. The GRAALL-2003 and -2005 studies were registered at http://www.ClinicalTrials.gov as #NCT00222027 and #NCT00327678, respectively.
PMID: 30655366
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Research group Leucémie et transplantation allogénique de cellules souches hématopoïétiques (982)
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BOND, Jonathan et al. DNMT3A mutation is associated with increased age and adverse outcome in adult T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. In: Haematologica, 2019, vol. 104, n° 8, p. 1617-1625. doi: 10.3324/haematol.2018.197848 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:135515

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Deposited on : 2020-05-03

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