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Scientific article
English

Preferences of Patients and At-risk Individuals for Preventive Approaches to Rheumatoid Arthritis

Published inClinical Therapeutics, vol. 41, no. 7, p. 1346-1354
Publication date2019
Abstract

Effective treatments for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are available and can lead to remission for some patients, but most patients remain on potentially toxic and expensive medications in the long term. Interest is increasingly turning to the disease phases preceding the development of RA that represent opportunities for preventive interventions. At-risk target populations include individuals with genetic and environmental risk factors, those who have developed systemic autoimmunity, and those who have developed clinically suspect symptoms (eg, arthralgias without synovitis, or an early arthritis). Ongoing prospective studies will inform the development of increasingly accurate predictive tools to identify individuals at risk of developing RA. Furthermore, a range of preventive approaches has been suggested, including lifestyle modification (eg, smoking cessation) and pharmacologic interventions (eg, hydroxychloroquine, methotrexate, abatacept, rituximab) that are currently the subject of randomized controlled trials. As prediction and prevention of RA evolve, it is increasingly likely that individuals at risk (including asymptomatic individuals) may be faced with complex decisions about whether to accept assessment of their risk status or to take a preventive intervention associated with risk of serious adverse events and uncertain benefit. Acceptance of preventive medication in other contexts can be low. For example, <25% of women at high risk of breast cancer are willing to take preventive hormonal treatments. Actual uptake is lower still. Patients' beliefs and preferences predict treatment uptake and adherence. Before the dream of preventing RA can become reality, health care providers need to understand the perspectives of individuals in the target population and to identify barriers and facilitators for this approach. This commentary reviews what is currently known about the perspectives of patients and individuals at risk about predictive and preventive approaches for RA and identifies gaps to be addressed to inform the development of efficient preventive strategies.

Keywords
  • Treatment preferences
  • Preventive treatment
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Risk quantification
Citation (ISO format)
FALAHEE, Marie et al. Preferences of Patients and At-risk Individuals for Preventive Approaches to Rheumatoid Arthritis. In: Clinical Therapeutics, 2019, vol. 41, n° 7, p. 1346–1354. doi: 10.1016/j.clinthera.2019.04.015
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ISSN of the journal0149-2918
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Creation12/05/2019 12:00:00 PM
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