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Tobacco craving and withdrawal symptoms in psychiatric patients during a motivational enhancement intervention based on a 26-hour smoking abstinence period

Authors
Croquette, Patrice
Khan, Aqal
Published in Tobacco Prevention and Cessation. 2019, vol. 5, no. June
Abstract In psychiatric patients, tobacco withdrawal symptoms are frequently seen as a barrier to smoking cessation; however, further studies are warranted in this specific population. METHODS Patients receiving in- or out-patient mental health care participated in a motivational enhancement program including a 26-hour tobacco abstinence experience with professional support and optional nicotine replacement therapy. The study included 174 subjects, of whom 159 were evaluated 1 week before and at the end of the 26-hour abstinence period. Repeated assessments included the Minnesota Nicotine Tobacco Withdrawal Scale Revised (MNWS-R), two items of the Mood and Physical Symptoms Scale (MPSS) regarding craving, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-S), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-21), and the World Health Organization Well-Being Index (WHO-5).
Keywords PsychiatryCravingNoncommunicable diseasesTemporary smoking abstinenceMotivational enhancementTobacco withdrawal symptoms
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KEIZER, Ineke et al. Tobacco craving and withdrawal symptoms in psychiatric patients during a motivational enhancement intervention based on a 26-hour smoking abstinence period. In: Tobacco Prevention and Cessation, 2019, vol. 5, n° June. doi: 10.18332/tpc/109785 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:132669

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Deposited on : 2020-03-20

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