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Inefficient targeting to the endoplasmic reticulum by the signal recognition particle elicits selective defects in post-ER membrane trafficking

Lakkaraju, Asvin K K.
Published in Experimental Cell Research. 2007, vol. 313, no. 4, p. 834-47
Abstract The signal recognition particle (SRP) is required for protein translocation into the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). With RNA interference we reduced its level about ten-fold in mammalian cells to study its cellular functions. Such low levels proved insufficient for efficient ER-targeting, since the accumulation of several proteins in the secretory pathway was specifically diminished. Although the cells looked unaffected, they displayed noticeable and selective defects in post-ER membrane trafficking. Specifically, the anterograde transport of VSV-G and the retrograde transport of the Shiga toxin B-subunit were stalled at the level of the Golgi whereas the endocytosed transferrin receptor failed to recycle to the plasma membrane. Endocytic membrane trafficking from the plasma membrane to lysosomes or Golgi was undisturbed and major morphological changes in the ER and the Golgi were undetectable at low resolution. Selective membrane trafficking defects were specifically suppressed under conditions when low levels of SRP became sufficient for efficient ER-targeting and are therefore a direct consequence of the lower targeting capacity of cells with reduced SRP levels. Selective post-ER membrane trafficking defects occur at SRP levels sufficient for survival suggesting that changes in SRP levels and their effects on post-ER membrane trafficking might serve as a mechanism to alter temporarily the localization of selected proteins.
Keywords Cells, CulturedEndoplasmic Reticulum/metabolismHela CellsHumansMembrane Proteins/metabolismModels, BiologicalProtein TransportRNA InterferenceSignal Recognition Particle/antagonists & inhibitors/physiologyTransport Vesicles/physiology
Stable URL https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:13184
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PMID: 17239854

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Deposited on : 2011-01-18

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