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Correlation of microglial activation with white matter changes in dementia with Lewy bodies

Mak, Elijah
Williams, Guy B.
Surendranathan, Ajenthan
Bevan-Jones, W Richard
Passamonti, Luca
Vàzquez Rodrìguez, Patricia
Su, Li
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Published in NeuroImage: Clinical. 2020, vol. 25, p. 102200
Abstract Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is characterized by alpha-synuclein protein deposition with variable degree of concurrent Alzheimer's pathology. Neuroinflammation is also increasingly recognized as a significant contributor to degeneration. We aimed to examine the relationship between microglial activation as measured with [11C]-PK11195 brain PET, MR diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and grey matter atrophy in DLB. Nineteen clinically probable DLB and 20 similarly aged controls underwent 3T structural MRI (T1-weighted) and diffusionweighted imaging. Eighteen DLB subjects also underwent [11C]-PK11195 PET imaging and 15 had [11C]- Pittsburgh compound B amyloid PET, resulting in 9/15 being amyloid-positive. We used Computational Anatomy Toolbox (CAT12) for volume-based morphometry (VBM) and Tract-Based Spatial Statistics (TBSS) for DTI to assess group comparisons between DLB and controls and to identify associations of [11C]-PK11195 binding with grey/white matter changes and cognitive score in DLB patients. VBM analyses showed that DLB had extensive reduction of grey matter volume in superior frontal, temporal, parietal and occipital cortices (familywise error (FWE)-corrected p < 0.05). TBSS showed widespread changes in DLB for all DTI parameters (reduced fractional anisotropy, increased diffusivity), involving the corpus callosum, corona radiata and superior longitudinal fasciculus (FWE-corrected p < 0.05). Higher [11C]-PK11195 binding in parietal cortices correlated with widespread lower mean and radial diffusivity in DLB patients (FWE-corrected p<0.05). Furthermore, preserved cognition in DLB (higher Addenbrookes Cognitive Evaluation revised score) also correlated with higher [11C]- PK11195 binding in frontal, temporal, and occipital lobes. However, microglial activation was not significantly associated with grey matter changes. Our study suggests that increased microglial activation is associated with a relative preservation of white matter and cognition in DLB, positioning neuroinflammation as a potential early marker of DLB etio-pathogenesis.
Keywords DementiaDiffusion tensor imagingNeuroinflammationPET
PMID: 32032816
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NICASTRO, Nicolas et al. Correlation of microglial activation with white matter changes in dementia with Lewy bodies. In: NeuroImage: Clinical, 2020, vol. 25, p. 102200. doi: 10.1016/j.nicl.2020.102200 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:131705

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Deposited on : 2020-03-03

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