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Core protein machinery for mammalian phosphatidylinositol 3,5-bisphosphate synthesis and turnover that regulates the progression of endosomal transport. Novel Sac phosphatase joins the ArPIKfyve-PIKfyve complex

Sbrissa, Diego
Ikonomov, Ognian C.
Fu, Zhiyao
Ijuin, Takeshi
Takenawa, Tadaomi
Shisheva, Assia
Published in Journal of Biological Chemistry. 2007, vol. 282, no. 33, p. 23878-91
Abstract Perturbations in phosphatidylinositol 3,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns(3,5)P2)-synthesizing enzymes result in enlarged endocytic organelles from yeast to humans, indicating evolutionarily conserved function of PtdIns(3,5)P2 in endosome-related events. This is reinforced by the structural and functional homology of yeast Vac14 and human Vac14 (ArPIKfyve), which activate yeast and mammalian PtdIns(3,5)P2-producing enzymes, Fab1 and PIKfyve, respectively. In yeast, PtdIns(3,5)P2-specific phosphatase, Fig4, in association with Vac14, turns over PtdIns(3,5)P2, but whether such a mechanism operates in mammalian cells and what the identity of mammalian Fig4 may be are unknown. Here we have identified and characterized Sac3, a Sac domain phosphatase, as the Fig4 mammalian counterpart. Endogenous Sac3, a widespread 97-kDa protein, formed a stable ternary complex with ArPIKfyve and PIKfyve. Concordantly, Sac3 cofractionated and colocalized with ArPIKfyve and PIKfyve. The intrinsic Sac3(WT) phosphatase activity preferably hydrolyzed PtdIns(3,5)P2 in vitro, although the other D5-phosphorylated polyphosphoinositides were also substrates. Ablation of endogenous Sac3 by short interfering RNAs elevated PtdIns(3,5)P2 in (32)P-labeled HEK293 cells. Ectopically expressed Sac3(WT) in COS cells colocalized with and dilated EEA1-positive endosomes, consistent with the PtdIns(3,5)P2 requirement in early endosome dynamics. In vitro reconstitution of carrier vesicle formation from donor early endosomes revealed a gain of function upon Sac3 loss, whereas PIKfyve or ArPIKfyve protein depletion produced a loss of function. These data demonstrate a coupling between the machinery for PtdIns(3,5)P2 synthesis and turnover achieved through a physical assembly of PIKfyve, ArPIKfyve, and Sac3. We suggest that the tight regulation in PtdIns(3,5)P2 homeostasis is mechanistically linked to early endosome dynamics in the course of cargo transport.
Keywords Carrier Proteins/metabolismEndosomes/metabolismHomeostasisHumansMembrane Proteins/metabolismMultiprotein Complexes/metabolismPhosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/genetics/metabolismPhosphatidylinositol Phosphates/biosynthesis/metabolismProtein TransportProtein-Serine-Threonine Kinases/genetics/metabolism
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PMID: 17556371

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Deposited on : 2011-01-06

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