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Cloning and Characterization of the Murine Nek3 Protein Kinase, a Novel Member of the NIMA Family of Putative Cell Cycle Regulators

Published inJournal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 274, no. 19, p. 13491-13497
Publication date1999
Abstract

We have cloned and characterized murine Nek3 (NIMA-related kinase 3), a novel mammalian gene product structurally related to the cell cycle-regulatory kinase NIMA of Aspergillus nidulans. By RNase protection, low levels of Nek3 expression could be detected in all organs examined, regardless of proliferative index. In contrast to Nek1 and Nek2, Nek3 levels were not particularly elevated in either the male or the female germ line. Nek3 levels showed at most marginal variations through the cell cycle, but they were elevated in G0-arrested, quiescent fibroblasts. Furthermore, no cell cycle-dependent changes in Nek3 activity could be detected, and no effects upon cell cycle progression could be observed upon antibody microinjection or overexpression of either wild-type or catalytically inactive Nek3. Finally, Nek3 was found to be a predominantly cytoplasmic enzyme. These data indicate that Nek3 differs from previously characterized Neks with regard to all parameters investigated, including organ specificity of expression, cell cycle dependence of expression and activity, and subcellular localization. Hence, the structural similarity between mammalian Neks may not necessarily be indicative of a common function, and it is possible that some members of this kinase family may perform functions that are not directly related to cell cycle control.

Funding
  • Swiss National Science Foundation - 31-50 576.97
Citation (ISO format)
TANAKA, Kayoko, NIGG, Erich A. Cloning and Characterization of the Murine Nek3 Protein Kinase, a Novel Member of the NIMA Family of Putative Cell Cycle Regulators. In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, 1999, vol. 274, n° 19, p. 13491–13497. doi: 10.1074/jbc.274.19.13491
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ISSN of the journal0021-9258
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