Scientific article

Measuring the thermal energy performance gap of labelled residential buildings in Switzerland

Published inEnergy Policy, no. 111085
Publication date2019

This paper addresses the thermal Energy Performance Gap (EPG), defined as the difference between a building's theoretical and actual energy consumption for thermal purposes (heating and hot water). Successful energy policies require estimates of the energy saving potential of the building stock. It is the objective of this work to analyse whether and to what extent an EPG exists in residential buildings in Switzerland. The database of the Swiss Cantonal Energy Certificate for Buildings was used, covering over 50 000 buildings. The median EPG was found to be −11% (i.e. actual consumption lower than theoretical) but varied across ratings from 12.4% (B-label) to −40.4% (G-label). Buildings with low energy ratings tend to consume significantly less than expected, while buildings with high rating tend to consume slightly more than expected. For the A-labels buildings (0.5% of the total) an EPG of −6.2% was found, suggesting that the very high-performance buildings may be more robust to the EPG. Simplified scenarios to illustrate the impact of this EPG on total consumption are presented, which highlight the challenge of meeting the Swiss Energy Strategy 2050 with a realistic renovation rate. The importance of low carbon heat supply for buildings is also discussed.

  • Energy performance gap
  • Energy label
  • Actual consumption
  • Environmental policy target
Research group
Citation (ISO format)
COZZA, Stefano, CHAMBERS, Jonathan, PATEL, Martin. Measuring the thermal energy performance gap of labelled residential buildings in Switzerland. In: Energy Policy, 2019, n° 111085. doi: 10.1016/j.enpol.2019.111085
Main files (1)
Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal0301-4215

Technical informations

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