Scientific article
Open access

Survival of children after liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma

Published inLiver Transplantation, vol. 24, no. 2, p. 246-255
Publication date2018

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in childhood differs from adult HCC because it is often associated with inherited liver disease. It is, however, unclear whether liver transplantation (LT) for HCC in childhood with or without associated inherited disease has a comparable outcome to adult HCC. On the basis of data from the European Liver Transplant Registry (ELTR), we aimed to investigate if there are differences in patient and graft survival after LT for HCC between children and adults and between patients with underlying inherited versus noninherited liver disease, respectively. We included all 175 children who underwent LT for HCC and were enrolled in ELTR between 1985 and 2012. Of these, 38 had an associated inherited liver disease. Adult HCC patients with (n = 79) and without (n = 316, matched by age, sex, and LT date) inherited liver disease served as an adult comparison population. We used multivariable piecewise Cox regression models with shared frailty terms (for LT center) to compare patient and graft survival between the different HCC groups. Survival analyses demonstrated a superior longterm survival of children with inherited liver disease when compared with children with HCC without inherited liver disease (hazard ratio [HR], 0.29; 95% CI, 0.10-0.90; P = 0.03) and adults with HCC with inherited liver disease (HR, 0.27; 95% CI, 0.06-1.25; P = 0.09). There was no survival difference between adults with and without inherited disease (HR, 1.05; 95% CI, 0.66-1.66; P = 0.84). In conclusion, the potential survival advantage of children with an HCC based on inherited disease should be acknowledged when considering transplantation and prioritization for these patients. Further prospective studies accounting for tumor size and extension at LT are necessary to fully interpret our findings. Liver Transplantation 24 246-255 2018 AASLD.

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Carcinoma
  • Hepatocellular/genetics/mortality/pathology/surgery
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Child
  • Child
  • Preschool
  • Europe
  • Female
  • Graft Survival
  • Humans
  • Kaplan-Meier Estimate
  • Liver Neoplasms/genetics/mortality/pathology/surgery
  • Liver Transplantation/adverse effects/mortality
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Proportional Hazards Models
  • Registries
  • Risk Factors
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome
Citation (ISO format)
BAUMANN, Ulrich et al. Survival of children after liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma. In: Liver Transplantation, 2018, vol. 24, n° 2, p. 246–255. doi: 10.1002/lt.24994
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Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal1527-6465

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