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Studies of cellular differentiation by automated cell separation. Two model systems: Friend virus-transformed cells and Hydra attenuata

Authors
Arndt-Jovin, Donna J.
Ostertag, Wolfram
Eisen, Harvey
Klimek, Fritz
Jovin, Thomas M.
Published in Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry. 1976, vol. 24, no. 1, p. 332-347
Abstract The automated high-speed analysis and separation of cells on the basis of spectroscopic parameters has been applied to studies of cellular differentiation in two systems. The temporal changes following induction of differentiation by dimethylsulfoxide in the Friend virus-transformed erythroid cells were quantitated by multiparameter analysis leading to the separation of discrete subpopulations. Thus, following induction, cell size decreased as measured by light scattering, the number of H-2 histocompatibility antigen sites decreased as measured by indirect fluorescent antibody binding, the number of lectin-binding sites per cell increased as measured by fluorescein-labeled concanavalin-A and the microviscosity of the hydrocarbon region of the plasma membrane increased as determined by the fluorescence emission anisotropy of the membrane probe 1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene. Cells were separated on the basis of several of these parameters and analyzed for their hemogloglobin content by benzidine staining. Examination of cells separated according to the anisotropy parameter showed that high anisotropy values were correlated with (a) small cell size, (b) positive staining with benzidine and (c) pronounced reactivity with fluorescent antibody to the erythrocyte protein spectrin. Disaggregated cells from Hydra attenuata were selectively stained with the dyes rhodanile blue, 7-(p-methoxybenzylamino)-4-nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazole and fluorescamine. Distribution analyses and preliminary separations indicated the feasibility of obtaining homogeneous classes of cell types in a viable state. The experiments with emission anisotropy represent the first analyses and separations of single cells on the basis of fluorescence polarization. Many other uses of this technique are anticipated.
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ARNDT-JOVIN, Donna J. et al. Studies of cellular differentiation by automated cell separation. Two model systems: Friend virus-transformed cells and Hydra attenuata. In: Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry, 1976, vol. 24, n° 1, p. 332-347. doi: 10.1177/24.1.1254928 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:128113

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