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Tripeptide Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) modifies the molecular mechanical properties of the non-muscle myosin IIA in human bone marrow-derived myofibroblasts seeded in a collagen scaffold

Published inPLOS ONE, vol. 14, no. 10, e0222683
Publication date2019
Abstract

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) were obtained from human bone marrow and amplified in cultures supplemented with human platelet lysate in order to generate myofibroblasts. When MSCs were seeded in solid collagen scaffolds, they differentiated into myofibroblasts that were observed to strongly bind to the substrate, forming a 3D cell scaffold network that developed tension and shortening after KCl stimulation. Moreover, MSC-laden scaffolds recapitulated the Frank-Starling mechanism so that active tension increased in response to increases in the initial length of the contractile system. This constituted a bioengineering tissue that exhibited the contractile properties observed in both striated and smooth muscles. By using the A. F. Huxley formalism, we determined the myosin crossbridge (CB) kinetics of attachment (f1) and detachment (g1 and g2), maximum myosin ATPase activity, molar myosin concentration, unitary CB force and maximum CB efficiency. CB kinetics were dramatically slow, characterizing the non-muscle myosin type IIA (NMMIIA) present in myofibroblasts. When MSCs were seeded in solid collagen scaffolds functionalized with Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD), contractility increased and CB kinetics were modified, whereas the unitary NMMIIA-CB force and maximum CB efficiency did not change. In conclusion, we provided a non-muscle bioengineering tissue whose molecular mechanical characteristics of NMMIIA were very close to those of a non-muscle contractile tissue such as the human placenta.

Citation (ISO format)
LECARPENTIER, Yves et al. Tripeptide Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) modifies the molecular mechanical properties of the non-muscle myosin IIA in human bone marrow-derived myofibroblasts seeded in a collagen scaffold. In: PLOS ONE, 2019, vol. 14, n° 10, p. e0222683. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0222683
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ISSN of the journal1932-6203
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