Scientific article

Purification, Properties and Developmental Regulation of a Ca2+-Independent Serine—Cysteine Protease from Allomyces arbuscula

ContributorsOjha, Mukti
Published inThe International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology, vol. 28, no. 3, p. 345-352
Publication date1996

Reproductive differentiation in Allomyces takes place against the background of substrate limitation, a sharp increase in intracellular probeolysine and the induction of at least one specific protease. The aim of this report is to describe the purification, properties and developmental regulation of this enzyme. The enzyme has been partially purified by a combination of ion exchange chromatography, ultrogel filtration and affinity chromatography. The purified enzyme in SDS-PAGE appeared as a doublet of Mr 40–43 kDa. Two bands corresponding to a relative molecular mass of 40–43 kDa were also apparent in activity gels. The protein has an apparent molecular mass in the region of 43 kDa as estimated by gel filtration. The enzyme therefore, seems to be a monomer of 43 kDa. The second band in SDS-PAGE and activity gels is probably the proteolyzed form of the enzyme. The protease recognized alanine and to a lesser extent phenylalanine in the P1 position when assayed with a range of synthetic peptides. The active site of the enzyme detains a reactive serine residue, as shown by its inhibition with PMSF and soya bean trypsin inhibitor. There is probably a reactive cysteine residue as well since the enzyme activity is strongly inhibited by HgCl₂, a thiol group binding reagent. The enzyme is present in zoospores but disappears progressively during germination and hyphal growth. It reappears when actively growing cultures are transferred to dilute salt solution. In conclusion, we have purified a serine-cysteine protease of Mr 43 kDa. This enzyme has a very restricted substrate specificity and appears to be developmentally regulated.

  • Allomyces
  • Developmentally regulated serine-cysteine protease
Citation (ISO format)
OJHA, Mukti. Purification, Properties and Developmental Regulation of a Ca<sup>2+</sup>-Independent Serine—Cysteine Protease from <i>Allomyces</i> arbuscula. In: The International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology, 1996, vol. 28, n° 3, p. 345–352. doi: 10.1016/1357-2725(95)00136-0
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Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal1878-5875

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