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Title

Spindle-length-dependent HURP localization allows centrosomes to control kinetochore-fiber plus-end dynamics

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Published in Current Biology. 2019, vol. 29, no. 21, p. 3563-3578.e6
Abstract During mitosis, centrosomes affect the length of kinetochore fibers (k-fibers) and the stability of kinetochore-microtubule attachments, implying that they regulate k-fiber dynamics. However, the exact cellular and molecular mechanisms of this regulation remain unknown. Here, we created human cells with only one centrosome to investigate these mechanisms. Such cells formed asymmetric bipolar spindles that resulted in asymmetric cell divisions. K-fibers in the acentrosomal half-spindles were shorter, more stable, and had a reduced poleward microtubule flux at minus ends and more frequent pausing events at their plus ends. This indicates that centrosomes regulate k-fiber dynamics both locally at minus ends and far away at plus ends. At the molecular level, we find that the microtubule-stabilizing protein HURP is enriched on the k-fiber plus ends in the acentrosomal half-spindles of cells with only one centrosome. HURP depletion rebalances k-fiber stability and plus-end dynamics in such cells and improves spindle and cell division symmetry. Our data from 3 different cell lines indicate that HURP accumulates on k-fibers inversely proportionally to half-spindle length. We therefore propose that centrosomes regulate k-fiber plus ends indirectly via length-dependent accumulation of HURP.
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PMID: 31668617
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Structures
Research group Groupe Meraldi Patrick (physiologie cellulaire et métabolisme) (922)
Projects FNS: 31003A_160006
FNS: 31003A-179413
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(ISO format)
DUDKA, Damian et al. Spindle-length-dependent HURP localization allows centrosomes to control kinetochore-fiber plus-end dynamics. In: Current Biology, 2019, vol. 29, n° 21, p. 3563-3578.e6. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:125802

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Deposited on : 2019-11-08

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