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La pneumonie de la personne âgée et son lien avec l'état bucco-dentaire

Published in Revue médicale suisse. 2018, vol. 14, no. 626, p. 2007-2011
Abstract Pneumonia is a frequent and serious disease among the elderly, often associated with functional and cognitive impairments, dysphagia, malnutrition and immunosenescence. Although the link between the oral hygiene and the risk of pneumonia has been established, the oral status and swallowing function are not routinely screened in the context of a geriatric assessment. Bacteria from oral plaque are regularly aspirated into the lungs and periodontitis induces a chronic inflammation favoring the oral and respiratory epithelial colonization with respiratory pathogens, hence facilitating infections. The poor oral health status and related masticatory impairment are often associated with malnutrition and dehydration. Patients are stranded in a vicious circle of respiratory infections and relapses. Prevention in form of oral health care and daily oral hygiene has proven to be effective.
Keywords AgedDeglutition Disorders/complicationsGeriatric AssessmentHumansOral HealthOral HygienePneumonia/etiology
PMID: 30422420
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Research group Groupe de recherche Frauke Müller (797)
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CHEBIB, Najla, MULLER, Frauke, PRENDKI, Virginie. La pneumonie de la personne âgée et son lien avec l'état bucco-dentaire. In: Revue médicale suisse, 2018, vol. 14, n° 626, p. 2007-2011. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:124578

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Deposited on : 2019-10-18

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