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Scientific article
Review
Open access
English

Network Perspectives on Epilepsy Using EEG/MEG Source Connectivity

Published inFrontiers in neurology, vol. 10, no. 8, 721
Publication date2019
Abstract

The evolution of EEG/MEG source connectivity is both, a promising, and controversial advance in the characterization of epileptic brain activity. In this narrative review we elucidate the potential of this technology to provide an intuitive view of the epileptic network at its origin, the different brain regions involved in the epilepsy, without the limitation of electrodes at the scalp level. Several studies have confirmed the added value of using source connectivity to localize the seizure onset zone and irritative zone or to quantify the propagation of epileptic activity over time. It has been shown in pilot studies that source connectivity has the potential to obtain prognostic correlates, to assist in the diagnosis of the epilepsy type even in the absence of visually noticeable epileptic activity in the EEG/MEG, and to predict treatment outcome. Nevertheless, prospective validation studies in large and heterogeneous patient cohorts are still lacking and are needed to bring these techniques into clinical use. Moreover, the methodological approach is challenging, with several poorly examined parameters that most likely impact the resulting network patterns. These fundamental challenges affect all potential applications of EEG/MEG source connectivity analysis, be it in a resting, spiking, or ictal state, and also its application to cognitive activation of the eloquent area in presurgical evaluation. However, such method can allow unique insights into physiological and pathological brain functions and have great potential in (clinical) neuroscience.

Keywords
  • EEG/MEG source connectivity
  • Epilepsy
  • Interictal epileptiform discharges
  • Resting state
  • Seizures
Funding
  • Swiss National Science Foundation - 169198
  • Swiss National Science Foundation - 170873
  • Swiss National Science Foundation - 179873
  • Swiss National Science Foundation - 180365
Citation (ISO format)
VAN MIERLO, Pieter et al. Network Perspectives on Epilepsy Using EEG/MEG Source Connectivity. In: Frontiers in neurology, 2019, vol. 10, n° 8, p. 721. doi: 10.3389/fneur.2019.00721
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Article (Published version)
Identifiers
ISSN of the journal1664-2295
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152downloads

Technical informations

Creation10/13/2019 8:54:00 PM
First validation10/13/2019 8:54:00 PM
Update time03/15/2023 6:10:22 PM
Status update03/15/2023 6:10:22 PM
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