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Calvarial model of bone augmentation in rabbit for assessment of bone growth and neovascularization in bone substitution materials

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Published in Journal of Visualized Experiments. 2019, no. 150, p. e59976
Abstract The basic principle of the rabbit calvarial model is to grow new bone tissue vertically on top of the cortical part of the skull. This model allows assessment of bone substitution materials for oral and craniofacial bone regeneration in terms of bone growth and neovascularization support. Once animals are anesthetized and ventilated (endotracheal intubation), four cylinders made of polyether ether ketone (PEEK) are screwed onto the skull, on both sides of the median and coronal sutures. Five intramedullary holes are drilled within the bone area delimited by each cylinder, allowing influx of bone marrow cells. The material samples are placed into the cylinders which are then closed. Finally, the surgical site is sutured, and animals are awaken. Bone growth may be assessed on live animals by using microtomography. Once animals are euthanized, bone growth and neovascularization may be evaluated by using microtomography, immune-histology and immunofluorescence. As the evaluation of a material requires maximum standardization and calibration, the calvarial model appears ideal. Access is very easy, calibration and standardization are facilitated by the use of defined cylinders and four samples may be assessed simultaneously. Furthermore, live tomography may be used and ultimately a large decrease in animals to be euthanized may be anticipated.
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PMID: 31475980
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Research group Groupe Scherrer Susanne (315)
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MARGER, Laurine et al. Calvarial model of bone augmentation in rabbit for assessment of bone growth and neovascularization in bone substitution materials. In: Journal of Visualized Experiments, 2019, n° 150, p. e59976. doi: 10.3791/59976 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:124214

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Deposited on : 2019-10-10

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