Scientific article
Open access

Implicit Affect Primes Effort: Basic Processes, Moderators, and Boundary Conditions

Published inSocial and Personality Psychology Compass, vol. 9, no. 11, p. 606-619
Publication date2015

This article informs about the implicit-affect-primes-effort (IAPE) model—a theory on the impact of implicit affect on resource mobilization—and research testing this account. Beside basic influences of implicitly processed affective stimuli on behavior, this article highlights moderators and boundary conditions of this process. The IAPE model posits that affect primes implicitly activate mental representations of affective states containing information about performance ease and difficulty. This influences subjective task demand during performance, which determines effort. A series of experiments assessing implicit affect's impact on effort-related cardiovascular response in cognitive tasks revealed replicated support for the IAPE model. Moreover, objective task difficulty and incentive moderated the effect of implicit affect on effort, and especially controlled processing of affect primes and activated concepts turned out to be boundary conditions.

  • Implicit affect
  • Effort
  • Automaticity
  • Motivation
  • Cardiovascular response
Citation (ISO format)
GENDOLLA, Guido H.E. Implicit Affect Primes Effort: Basic Processes, Moderators, and Boundary Conditions. In: Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 2015, vol. 9, n° 11, p. 606–619. doi: 10.1111/spc3.12208
Main files (1)
Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal1751-9004

Technical informations

Creation09/13/2019 9:22:00 AM
First validation09/13/2019 9:22:00 AM
Update time03/15/2023 6:02:22 PM
Status update03/15/2023 6:02:22 PM
Last indexation02/12/2024 1:04:52 PM
All rights reserved by Archive ouverte UNIGE and the University of GenevaunigeBlack