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Simplified Fabrication for Ion-Selective Optical Emulsion Sensor with Hydrophobic Solvatochromic Dye Transducer: A Cautionary Tale

Published inAnalytical chemistry, vol. 91, no. 14, p. 8973-8978
Publication date2019
Abstract

It has recently been reported that polystyrene microbeads may be modified to realize plasticizer-free ion-selective optical sensors (optodes) on the basis of solvatochromic dye transducers. We show here that the functionalized microbeads, individually isolated by flow cytometry, exhibit unexpectedly poor fluorescent properties and that the sensor response is instead attributed to the supernatant. A more thorough study reveals that such optical microemulsion sensors can be made operationally functional and chemically selective, seemingly in the absence of any solvent matrix or added surfactant. Instead, it is shown that residual THF used in the fabrication of the emulsified sensors may solubilize the sensing components and give a functional optode response. To evaluate this further, the number of sensing components was stepwise simplified to assess their need. Variation of residual THF levels has no effect on the ion optode response when plasticizer is present, in support of established results. Lipophilic solvatochromic dye transducers are also shown not to require an added surfactant as their nature already endows the emulsified sensors with a stabilizing ionic surface charge. The ionophores are shown to exhibit much larger stability constants in the surfactant-free formulations than surfactant-based ones (Valionomycin: log!>9.2 compared to 6.1; Na+-ionophore X: 6.7 vs. 4.7), which is attributed to a less polar solvent environment for the ionophore. Potassium, sodium and calcium-selective sensors were used as model systems in this study.

Citation (ISO format)
WANG, Lu et al. Simplified Fabrication for Ion-Selective Optical Emulsion Sensor with Hydrophobic Solvatochromic Dye Transducer: A Cautionary Tale. In: Analytical chemistry, 2019, vol. 91, n° 14, p. 8973–8978. doi: 10.1021/acs.analchem.9b01145
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Creation08/28/2019 12:04:00 PM
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