Scientific article
Open access

Tunable Optical Sensing with PVC-Membrane-Based Ion-Selective Bipolar Electrodes

Published inACS Sensors, vol. 4, no. 4, p. 1008-1016
Publication date2019

We show here that the response of ion-selective membrane electrodes (ISEs) based on traditional PVC membranes can be directly translated into a colorimetric readout by a closed bipolar electrode (BPE) arrangement. Because the resulting optical response is based on the turnover of the redox probe, ferroin, dissolved in a thin layer compartment, it directly indicates the potential change at the ISE in combination with a reference electrode. This class of probes measures ion activity, analogous to their ISE counterparts. Unlike other ion optodes, the response if also fully tunable over a wide concentration range by the application of an external potential and occurs in a compartment that is physically separate from the sample. To allow for the electrical charge to pass across the ion-selective electrodes, the membranes are doped with inert lipophilic electrolyte, ETH 500, but are otherwise of established composition. The observed response behavior correlates well to theory. A wide range of ion-selective membranes are confirmed to work with this readout principle, demonstrating the detection of potassium, sodium, calcium and carbonate ions. The corresponding sigmodal calibration curve is used for the quantitative analysis in a range of samples including commercial beverages and river and lake samples. The data are successfully correlated with atomic emission spectroscopy and direct potentiometry.

Research group
Citation (ISO format)
JANSOD, Sutida, BAKKER, Eric. Tunable Optical Sensing with PVC-Membrane-Based Ion-Selective Bipolar Electrodes. In: ACS Sensors, 2019, vol. 4, n° 4, p. 1008–1016. doi: 10.1021/acssensors.9b00179
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Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal2379-3694

Technical informations

Creation08/28/2019 12:09:00 PM
First validation08/28/2019 12:09:00 PM
Update time03/15/2023 5:57:15 PM
Status update03/15/2023 5:57:14 PM
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